How to Bonsai a Tree

how to bonsai

Looking around, you can be fascinated by the beauty of nature – the flowers, the tall trees and in the garden the shrubs and the dwarfed plants known as bonsai trees. These miniature trees and plants may just be modifications but it is very mesmerising to see the aged foot-tall tree with small fruits. You may wonder how the Japanese could have come up to an art on how to bonsai trees.

Was this a product of ingenuous experimentation? The added class is enthralling, bringing joy to people who love plants. You see the dwarfed bonsai trees in decorative pots and jugs and they seem to be a good centre piece in the centre table in your living room. Indeed a bonsai tree is a pleasure to behold.

Learning how to bonsai a tree is not a difficult task. That is – if you are patient and determined on how to do it and how to care for the resulting miniature plants.

Bonsai and the skills on how to bonsai a tree

How to bonsai skill is learned. The secret in dwarfing the growing bonsai tree is on how you handle the roots. You should know how to cut the roots to curtail the plant from growing into its normal size. There should be symmetry in the branches of the bonsai tree and this requires knowledge on how the parts of the trees are pruned. And – like the normal sized plant or tree, they need adequate amount of water, sunlight, air and fertilizer.

Learning this Japanese art of tray planting requires learning the aesthetic form of small plants. The smallness of the container helps in stopping the plant to grow to its normal size. Pruning, growing and caring for the small bonsai tree are the basic techniques.

Even if you want the plant to retain a small size, that is bonsai, you do not deprive the plant of nutrients to make it live and grow small but beautifully and healthy. With the right type of soil, pot, water, fertilizer, sunlight and air, the miniature plant can possibly outlive one of its full size specie. The years in the life of a regular tree are also the length of time a bonsai tree of the same specie lives.

Starting a bonsai tree

Do not think that bonsai is a kind of hybrid dwarf plant. It is an ordinary tree restrained by techniques to achieve a full blown growth. Any plant can be made into a bonsai however the small leafed kinds of plants are most suitable for this purpose.

What you must have on hand to start a bonsai tree are the following – seeds and cuttings from young or full grown trees. When you plant the seed or cutting, you observe the proper way of making them grow. You cut some parts of the root, re-pot and prune then as it grows, tie a wire on the trunk and position the wire to your desired shape. The proper wiring of the trunk is the secret to the bonsai trees beautiful form and shape.

As you are not yet well-versed in this Japanese art, you ought to choose bonsai tree species that is easy to grow and maintain. Try to look for starter trees, consider the adaptability of the tree to your climate, specific needs of the tree as it grows and the planned location of the bonsai. Would you put it indoor or outdoor?

The right way to miniaturize a bonsai tree

If you want to succeed in dwarfing your plant, you see to it that you frequently transfer the growing tree from one pot to another and in the process, trim a little of the roots. Then the branches should be trimmed regularly. When you are learning how to bonsai a tree, it is also paramount that you learn that it is planted off-centre of the container.

Plant several bonsai trees in one tray, see to it that it follows the basic rule in gardening – heaven, earth and man planting position. And according to Japanese culture, a bonsai reflects truth, beauty and goodness. The arrangement of the bonsai tree in a large pot provides also a visual balance of relationship. This is the triangular pattern.

How to germinate seeds

Bonsai is better appreciated for their age and the aesthetic symmetry. It reflects a message of balance so when you try to learn how to bonsai a plant, integrate these concepts. The dwarfed plant can live for hundred years and you can even hand it down to future generations in the family.

Durban Bonsai Show 2014


The bonsai show in Durban this year was amazing! There were some really beautiful bonsai tree on display for everyone to see. The Show was held on the 29th and 30th of March 2014, at the golden hour school in Durban North.


Friendly crowd of bonsai enthusiasts

Many people showed up for the bonsai show, and there was a very friendly vibe with everyone discussing their bonsais and watching demonstrations done by experts on bonsai trees. It’s always refreshing to watch a professional bend a bonsai and give advice on how to prune your bonsai.


You could even bring your own tree for advice on how to style your tree and prune it. Everyone involved at the Durban bonsai show 2014 were interested and passionate in the art of bonsai and happy to help where they could with regards to bonsai trees.


Bonsai trees for sale

It wasn’t just a show where people came to display their bonsai trees, there were people from the local bonsai clubs that brought bonsai trees for sale and would help inexperienced bonsai buyers with pruning and shaping their new bonsai they had just bought. Once you had bought a new tree you could then move on to the next section of the show where they had an amazing range of ceramic bonsai pots which you could buy to repot your bonsai once you had taken it home. There were also a wide range of bonsai tools available for pruning, shaping and wiring your tree.


Thumbs up to local bonsai clubs

Well done to all the local bonsai clubs and owners of the trees on display, it was well organised and very interesting. Everyone that was there, was enjoying themselves, the friendly environment and of course looking at the amazing bonsai trees displayed